Bhimbetka: The story of evolution of mankind

Rock shelters of Bhimbetka are an archaeological site located in Raisen district of Madhaya Pradesh. These shelters are UNESCO World Heritage site. This archaeological site is located about 45 km from the state capital Bhopal. It is believed that some of these shelters were inhabited more than 10000 years ago. The rock shelters and caves of Bhimbetka provide rare glimpses into human settlements and cultural evolution.

The paintings at Bhimbetka are based on themes such as animals, hunting and dancing. This site has the oldest known rock art in India and is one of the largest prehistoric complexes having human settlements.

Road to Bhimbetka
Entrance of the rock shelters

Auditorium cave

This is the largest shelter at Bhimbetka. Earliest evidence of a hierarchical structure with the boulder being seen as the “Chief’s Rock”.

Rock paintings

Depiction of elephant like animal with tusks and tiger
A child’s palm, deer and bison like animals
A possible depiction of tiger
Early form of dancing and musical instruments
A horse rider
Hunting scene – Use of weapons and horses
Natraj dancing with a trishul like weapon
Use of 4 lines to draw an enclosed area – rectangle
A human being hunted by a horned boar – only one painting
The Zoo Rock – color variations indicate paintings of different time periods
Surroundings of the caves
How to reachBhopal is the nearest airport and train station. Distance from Bhopal is about 45 km. Private taxis and buses are available from Bhopal.
GuideASI certified guides are available at a nominal fees
Length of visitApprox. 5 hours. Better to carry water bottle and snacks with you.
AccommodationCan be done as a day trip from Bhopal
ConditionThe site is maintained but certainly more can be done to raise awareness and facilities around this place. Great significance for mankind.
Walking requiredYes. People comfortable walking can visit. Facilities like wheelchair etc. are not available.

## My travel experience before the COVID 19 pandemic