Punjab and Haryana

Punjab

Punjab is a state in northern India. It has 22 districts and is 16th largest state in India. Chandigarh, a union territory (UT) is a capital of Punjab. Chandigarh happens to be capital of neighboring state of Haryana also. One of the most fertile regions in India, one of the major states producing wheat and also called the “Granary of India”.

Amritsar, near the Golden Temple

Reasons to visit Punjab

1. Religious sites

Punjab has several religious sites. In Amritsar you can visit the Golden Temple and experience the universal brotherhood, human unity and caring and serving nature of people of Punjab. Gurudwara Kesgarh Sahib located in the city of Anandpur Sahib is one of the five Takhts of Sikhism.

At the Golden Temple, Amritsar

2. Delicious food

The Punjabi food is liked all over the world for its preparation and taste. Try the Dal Makhani, Chhole Bhature, and the Amritsari Kulcha. On the non-vegetarian side try the delicious butter chicken or tandoori chicken.

3. Festivals

  • Baisakhi: is celebrated to mark the end of the harvest season, start of new year and also to commemorate the formation of the Khalsa panth of warriors. Celebrated on 13 or 14 April every year. Bhangra – the traditional Punjabi dance is performed and fairs are organized.
  • Hola Mohalla: Is a 3 day long festival that sometimes coincides with the festival of Holi. The festival is celebrated with much fervor in Anandpur Sahib where fighting prowess and martial arts are displayed.
  • Lohri: Celebrated one night before the Makar Sankranti – this festival marks the end of the winter season and welcomes longer days. A bonfire is lit and prayers are offered as part of tradition. Makke di Roti and Sarson da Saag is the traditional dish. People dance and sing Punjabi songs.

4. Beautiful landscape

As you travel through the countryside in Punjab you experience green fields on both the sides of the road. The landscape is lush green and very beautiful.

Green fields
Farm produce (sugar cane) being transported

5. Border retreat ceremonies

Punjab has its international land border with Pakistan. Border retreat ceremonies at the Wagah – Attari border ~ 30 km from Amritsar and Hussainiwala border about 11 km from Ferozpur are must watch ceremonies.

Parade ceremony at Wagah – Attari border

6. Historical significance

Ropar (Rupnagar) city in Punjab is one of the sites of Indus Valley Civilizations. Punjab is the origin of Sikhism. The Punjab Province under the British India was partitioned at the time of India’s independence.

Haryana

Haryana is a state in northern India, with 22 districts. Faridabad is the most populous city, while Gurugram is a leading financial hub in the state. Kurukshetra city in Haryana is known as the origin place of Bhagavad Gita. The battle of Mahabharata is believed to have taken place in this region. Three battles which are milestones in the military history of India, have taken place in Panipat a city in Haryana.

Pinjore Gardens, Pinjore
Pinjore Gardens, Pinjore
The Sukhna lake, Chandigarh

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